|types of modals Auxiliary verbs in English grammar|
Types of Modals, Auxiliary verbs
Modals Helping verbs list; Can, Could, May, Might, will, would shall, should, must, ought to, use to need, dare, Have to, had to, will/shall have to
With able to (present, past, Future)
Subject +is,are,am +able to+verb Ist form +object + other
Fill in the blanks with can or could.
1 When I was at school I………… never understand physics.
2 Take an umbrella here, It….rain at any time.
3. They said they……….deliver it next week but I told them not to.
4. They say they …… deliver next week.
MIGHT is used to express
Ex Ruby might be m her office ( May is also possible here.)
2. permission in the past/present.
Ex. (a) She said that I might borrow her car. “
(b) Might I use your car? (A polite form)
3. possibility 1n the past.
Ex I thought he might like it.
Ex. Will you care for a cup of coffee‘?
3 Command or order
Ex. All New students will report medical check-up.
When We use “will” as a Model Helping Verbs with the first person to express.
1. willingness or offer
Ex. He’s next door, just a minute, and I’ ll get him for you.
2. intention or promise,
Ex. I’ll go there and see her. ..~
Ex. I’ll kill you.
Ex. I’ ll lay down my life for my country.
WOULD is used to express
I. polite request
Ex. Would you spare some time for me? ”
2. offer or invitation
e.g Would you like some coffee?
Would you like to 10m us?
Ex. My car wouldn’t start this morning.
4. Habitual or customary activity in the past.
Ex. He Would Sit here and watch TV all day. I don’ t like it
5. as past tense of will
Ex. She said she would go.
We use shall with the first person to Express
1. Intention or plan of the speaker
Ex. I shall go to Mumbai via Dahod.
2. Offer or suggestion
Ex. Shall I Open the window?
Shall we see him in the evening?
Note When we use shall second and third persons to express
1. Command or order
Ex. You shall remain here till I come back.
Ex. You shall be punished for misdeeds.
Ex. You shall get a nice gift from me.
Should is used to express
1. Duty or obligation
Ex.The boys should be at school at this time.
2. To give or take an advice
Ex. You look unwell, you should see a doctor.
3. To say what the speaker expects or to say something is not right.
Ex. I wonder where Farhcen is-she should be here by now.
The price Printed on this packet is wrong. It should be Rs 150/not Rs 200/-
Must is used
1. To convey the idea of necessity
Ex. I must finish this before 12:00.
Note: In such type of setthcies “must” indicates personal obligation. The speaker
thinks he himself or other people must do.
2 to express strong advice or invitation
Ex. You must go and see the film. It is brilliant.
You must come and see me next time you are in town.
3 to express certainty.
Ex. ‘ They must be in Ratlam by now.
4 to express prohibition or negative command (must not)
Ex. You must not smoke here.
A. To Denote Habitual Action or the past Routine of the Subject.
1. He used to go to Delh1 by car.
2. He used to drink daily
3. Ramesh is used to going for walk.
When USED TO uses in Negative and Interrogative
1. I used not to smoke daily. (OR)
I did not used to smoke earlier.?
2. He used to play chess at college.
He did not used to play chess at college
Used he to play chess college?
Did he use to play chess college?
For making negative of such sentence we can use either Used not to or did not use to.
In interrogative sentences we can use either/ Used +subject+ to or/ Did +subject +use +to
B. To Denote Discontinued Action
(i) He used to play hockey.
(ii) She used to work in the office before marriage.
C. ‘Used to’ is also used as an adjective (be used to) It is equal to ‘accustomed to’ as
(i) He is used to getting up early.
(ii) I was used to driving through crowded streets.
(iii) He will be used to taking dinner early.
(iv) We are used to hot noons in the plains.
Ought to It expresses
(A) Duty or Moral Obligation It is normally used for ‘should and must ‘ when there is a strong sense of normal-duty, advice or indication of correct action.
1. You ought to serve your motherland
2. You ought not to take fatty food ‘
3. He ought to have been present at the wedding of his friend.
4. He ought not to have smoked in the bus.