noun definition and examples and types

noun definition and examples and types
noun definition and examples and types

 

Noun definition and examples and types in English

Noun definition and examples-Whatever the stuff in the world. They are all nouns, whether it is human, animal, birds, or non-living things, house, place, and abstract noun list air, anger, etc. Nouns list are the following here-
There are all types of nouns following down
1 Proper Noun
2 Common Noun
3 collective Noun
4 Material Noun
5 Abstract Noun

nouns that can be used to describe a person

Nouns that can be used to describe a person The noun is that words, which we always use at the place of subject and object. Nouns are those things which we can see our open eyes and feels by the five sense organs. the noun is used in each sentence. Nouns are divided into five kinds in English Grammar.
1 Proper Noun,2 Common nouns,3 Collective Noun, 4 Material Noun, 5 Abstract Noun.

nouns to describe a person

nouns that can be used to describe a personthing, place, idea, and quality of a  person, a thing, and a place. These are called Noun, like Roger Federer, Australian Open‬, ‪Will Ferrell‬, ‪Aljaž Bedene‬, ‪Novak Djokovic‬‬, these are names. FOX NEWS, CNN NEWS, AJTAK NEWS, these are names of news channels. United States, India, Australia, these are names of Countries, Tajmahal, white house, these are names of Place, Etc.

What is the name? what is a noun?
Noun definition and examples and types-A noun is used as a person, name, thing, place, idea, and the name of a person’s quality, one thing and a place. (Or)
Here, in simple words, all the things that we touch, see, and feel, and recognize them, they are all called bounty nouns.

Example of a noun in a sentence

 1- Ram is a Doctor. (Ram is the name of a person.)
2- He lives in a house.   (House means a place where we live safe and comfortable.)
3- Wind was blowing.  (wind: we can not see our open eyes. means only feels )
4-ICYMI at Australian Open: Great tennis from  Tennys in win vs. Wawrinka
(All blue colours words are Noun)

(1) kinds of noun definition and examples

  Types of nouns
 (a) Common Noun: It is the name given in common to every person or a thing
of the same kind. It is not the
name of any particular person or thing or place,
     Generic nouns – The nouns which individuals say in the name of a certain caste are all called universal nouns.
For example a boy, girl, teacher etc. ‘
(b) Proper Noun: It is the name given to some particular person, thing or place. व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा से हमारा तातपर्य  किसी व्यक्ति  बस्तु   एवं स्थान के नाम से होता है।
For example   Delhi,( एक सहर का नाम ) Sania, (एक लड़की का नाम  )  India, (एक देश का नाम ) Jupiter. (एक गृह का नाम )
(c) Collective Noun: It is the name of a collection of persons and things treated and spoken together as a whole. जिन  Noun (संज्ञा ) से समूह का बोध हो, उसे Collective Noun (समूहवाचक  संज्ञा ) कहते है।
 For example:
fleet, audience, class, committee, crowd, mob etc.
Note: सामान्यतः Collective Noun का प्रयोग  Singular  में होता है।  इनका प्रयोग  Plural में तभी किया जाता है  जब मतभेद दर्शाया जाये  या फिर प्रत्येक सदस्य के बारे में कुछ कहा जाये।
(d) Abstract Noun: It is the name of a quality, idea, concept or state. Abstract Noun, ऐसे गुण, भाव, क्रिया एवं अवस्था को व्यक्त करता है जिन्हे छुआ नहीं जा सकता है, देखा नहीं जा सकता है, बल्कि  महसूस किया जा सकता है।

For example beauty, youth, honesty, death etc. 

Note Abstract Noun का प्रयोग सामान्यतः  Singular में किया जाता है।

(e) Material Noun: The noun which is the realization of such a substance, that other thing can become a substance called a particle For Example Such as gold, coal, Wheat, tea.

जिस  Noun (संज्ञा ) से ऐसे पदार्थ का बोध हो जिससे दूसरी वस्तुएं बन सके उसे  Material 
Noun (पदार्थवाचक संज्ञा ) कहते है। Two kinds of Material Noun 1- Countable 2- Uncountable 

Note: Material Noun Countable नहीं होते है अर्थात इनकी गिनती नहीं की जा सकती है।  इन्हे मापा या तौला जा सकता है।  इनके साथ सामान्यतः Singular Verb का प्रयोग किया जाता है एवं इनके साथ Article का प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है।
(ii) Number of a Noun, ‘ Singular: Plural ’
 (III) Gender of a Noun ‘ Masculine Feminine Neuter

Note:

(IV) The case of a Noun
For example
(i) Mohan is my friend.          Subjective/Nominative case
(ii) Who brought this book?     Objective/Accusation? case
(iii) She is Mohan’s wife.          Possessive/Genetive Cd“

 

(iv) Help me, Mohan. ‘             VocatiW case
Case in Opposition.
Mohan, the Captain of our team, has been rewarded.
Opposition means a placing near just ‘as captain’ is placed after ‘Mohan’. It is a kind 0f descriptive expression not joined by any conjunction

Important Point of Noun

Rule 1- कुछ Noun    का प्रयोग हमेसा Plural form  में  ही होता है।  इन   के अंत में लगे s   को हटाकर , इन्हे Singular  नहीं बनाया जा सकता है।  ये दिखने में भी Plural लगते है एवं इनका प्रयोग  भी Plural की तरह होता है।  ऐसे Nouns निम्न हैं।Scissors (कैची ),tongs (चिमटे  ),pliers (चिमटा  ) ,pincers (चिमटी)  ,bellows,(धौकनी ) trousers (पतलूम ), pants (पैंट ) ,pajamas (पजामा ), shorts (हाफ पैंट ), gallows (फांसी का फंदा ), fangs (डंक ) spectacles (चश्मा ), goggles (धूप का चश्मा) , binoculars (दूरबीन ),eyeglasses(चश्मा),Alms (भीख ), amends (संसोधन ) archives (लेखाकार,ऐतिहासिक दस्तावेज  ), arrears  (बकाया ),auspices तत्वावधान ), congratulations (बधाई ),embers (राख ), fireworks (पटाखे ,शोरशरवा ),lodgings (अस्थाई आवास ), outskirts ( बाहरी इलाका ),tidings ( समाचार , खबर ),particulars (ब्यौरा ), proceeds ( लाभ ,आय ) , regards (संबंध), riches (धनी ) ,remains (अवशेष ) ,savings (बचत ), shambles (गड़बड़ घोटाला ),surroundings (परिवेश ), troops (सैन्य दल ) ,tactics (रणकौशल ) , thanks (धन्यबाद ), valuables (कीमती ),wages (मजदूरी ), belongings (सम्पति) etc. Example  (a) Where are my pants? (b) The proceeds were deposited in the bank.


  Note : Wages’ का प्रयोग  singular एवं  plural दोनों  forms में किया जा सकता है।  निम्नलिखित  वाक्यों  को देखे – Wages के दो अर्थ होते है
 1-  मजदूरी एव 2- परिणाम 1 – मजदूरी का प्रयोग  Plural forms में होता है।
 Example: Wages are paid in cash . 
2- परिणाम  का प्रयोग  Singular forms में होता है।
 Example: Wages of hard work is sweet.
 Rule 2-  कुछ Noun  दिखने में Plural  लगते  है लेकिन अर्थ  में Singular  होते है। इनका  प्रयोग हमेशा  Singular  में ही होता है। 

 Example: News, Innings, Politics, Summons, Physics, Economics, Ethics, Mathematics, Mumps, Measles, Rickets, Shingles, Billiards, Athletics etc. Example 1- No news is good news. 2- Economics is an interesting subject. 

Rule 3- कुछ Noun  दिखने में Singular    लगते है, लेकिन इनका प्रयोग हमेशा Plural  में होता है जैसे :cattle, cavalry, infantry , poultry, peasantry , children , gentry , police , people  etc ये सभी Plural  है इन के साथ s  या es  नहीं लगाया जाता है जैसे : इन्हे cattles  या childrens  लिखना गलत होगा। 

Example : (a ) Cattle are grazing in the field. (b ) Our infantry has marched forward.

 Rule 4 –   कुछ Noun का  प्रयोग Singular forms में ही किया जाता है। ये Uncountable  Nouns  है। और इनके  साथ  Indefinite  Article  A / An का    प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है।
Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Advice, Information, Hair, Business, Mischief, Bread, Stationery, Crockery, Luggage, Baggage, Postage, Knowledge, Wastag Jewellery, Breakage, Equipment,
Fule, Cost.

Example –  1 – The scenery of Kashmir is very charming.
                    2 – I have no information about her residence.
                    3 – His hair is black.

Note – 1 – ऊपर दिए गए Nouns का (plural ) form  में प्रयोग नहीं किया जाता है।  Scenery, Poetry, Furniture, Advice, Information इन verbs के साथ s या  es  लगाकर Plural  नहीं बनाया जाता है।

2 – यदि उक्त Noun का Singular या Plural  दोनों  form  में आवस्यकता  हो तो इन के साथ कुछ शव्दो को  जोड़कर वाक्य बनाया जाता है।

नीचे दिए गए उदाहरण देखे

 (a) He gave me a piece of information.
(b )) All pieces of information given by her Were reliable.
(c) Many kinds of furniture are available in that shop.
 (d) I want a few articles of jewelry.
 (e) He ate two slices of bread.
(i) Please show me some items of office stationery.
(g) The Police have found a strand of hair in the car.
Money  का   plural form ‘Monies’ हो सकता है जिस का अर्थ निकलता है   ‘sums of money’
 Example – Monies have been collected and handed to the women’ s welfare society
Rule 5  कुछ Nouns, Plural एवं Singular  दोनों में एक ही रूप में रहते है  जैसे :
deer, sheep, series, species, fish, crew, team, jury, aircraft, counsel etc.

Example

 (a) Our team is the best g
(b) Our team are trying their new uniform.
(c) There are two fish in the pond.
(d) There are many fishes in the aquarium.
Rule -6  Hyphenated nouns का प्रयोग कभी भी  Plural form  में नहीं होता है।

Example

                       (1 )  He gave me two hundred-rupees notes.
                        (2)  He stays in five-stars hotels.

इस लिए ऊपर दिए गए words rupees  को rupee में परिवर्तन करे  और stars  को star  में  परिवर्तित  करे। 

Rule 7: Some Nouns are used in the language of speech, but in reality it is absolutely wrong to use them. 
Example: wrong Use Correct Use 
1-   Cousin brother  की जगह    Cousin or Cousin sister                –
 2- Pickpocket  instead of    Pickpocketer 
3- Replacing Good   Name
4- Big / small blunder    Place     Blunder (Blunder means is a mistake, therefore, wrong to use big.
 5 – Strong wind instead of Strong breeze (Breeze is always light and gentle.    
6- Bad dream  instead of      nightmare   

Rule: A Compound Nouns (Numerical + Noun) Some Nouns are Plural in that sense but if a certain numerical adjective is used before them, then these nouns are pluralized. Example – Pair, Score By making s, or es with the words above, Gross, Stone, Hundred, Dozen, Thousand, Million, Billion, etc, they do not make a single escape or plural form. To make these multiply, the numerical index one, two, three etc. By placing it, they make plural or monogamous. 1- I have two pairs of shoes 2- Sita purchased three dozen pencils. 3- Ram has already donated five thousand rupees. But if these are used with Indefinite countable then they will be pluralized. Example – dozens of women, hundreds of people, millions of dollars, etc.

 

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