Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
|Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose|
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose– Who is that he does not knows Netaji Subhash Chandra The hundreds of freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives to make India independent from the grip of British rule, Subhash Chandra Bose was one of them His slogan, “Give me blood, I will give you freedom” inspired the people of India which shaken the foundation of the British rule.
The founder of Azad Hind Fauj, Babu Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897 in the family of Janakmath Basu at Cuttack. His father was a famous advocate and President of the Corporation, Government had given him the title of Rai Bahadur. But he returned the title in 1930 as a protest against the suppressive policy of the British government.
When Subhash Chandra Bose was born freedom movement had already spread throughout our country. His parents were patriots and religious minded. He inherited the qualities of respect to the elders and kindness to the youngers, charitability; eloquence, well-behaviour’, etc., from his parents. He used to listen very minutely the historical stones from his mother.
Subhash had great love and respect for his motherland from his childhood. In 1913, he wrote a letter to his mother “India is the favourite place of God. India has placed the truth and religious thoughts in the hearts of the Indian people. Today our motherland is in the grip of foreigners and sinners. Give me blessing my dear mother so that I can do something for my country.”
Subhash Chandra Bose was meritorious from his boyhood. He stood second in the high school examination in the university. Hereafter he took the admission in Presidency College at Kolkata. He was influenced by Philosophical thoughts of Shri Aurobindo Ghosh. After passing the B.A. examination he prepared himself for the I.C.S. Examination according to the desire of his father. After passing he turned out the service of the British empire and jumped into the freedom movement. He was inspired by Lok Manya Tilak. He followed the footsteps of Tilak. He used to think the model jail as a holy place because of his religious Guru.
In 16th July 1921, Gandhiji started non-cooperation movement. At that time Subhash came to India and met Gandhiji at Mumbai. They discussed the non-cooperation movement. In some points, they had a difference of opinion. Subhash believed that the British could be thrown out from India through violent movement and struggle. He was put to jail at that time for demonstrating against the Prince of Wales.
In 1922, he helped flood-stricken people in Bengal. In 1928, Subhash, Nehru and Srinivas Ayanger founded a league of Indian Independence. In the same year, Subhash became General Secretary of Congress. Subhash day was celebrated throughout the country in May, 193 6. ‘ ‘
Being influenced by Savarkar he secretly took the path of violence for the freedom on India and went out of the country. At the inspiration of Savarkar on 25‘11 June 1944 from Singapore Radio, he announced about the formation of Azad Hind Fauz.
His secret meeting with Hitler at Berlin made Churchill worried. Attempts were made secretly to assassinate Subhash by the British sepOys. In 1939, the soldiers of Azad Hind Fauz became ready ‘for war to make India free. General Shah Nawaz Khan, Lieutenant Guru Baksh Singh, Captain Prem Kumar Sahegal were chief amongst the army.
The 25‘” October 1923, would be the most remarkable day in the history of Indian independence. At 12-05 midnight the temporary government of Azad Hind Fauz declared war against Britain and America. In this occasion, Netaji said that main objects of his army were to achieve freedom and reach the Red Fort.
After this declaration, many other countries extended their recognition to Azad Hind Govt. In 1944 Azad Hind Fauz reached Arakan battlefield. After crossing Burma border on 18″ March they reached India. But they were stopped three miles inside of Imphal. They could not enter Assam. Due to this obstruction, Subhash had to return to Singapore. On 22″d August 1945 Tokyo Radio announced that while going to Japan on 18mAugust, 1945 Netaji expired.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose said, “Everything in this world is perishable but thoughts, ethics, and dreams always remain immortal.” Today Netaji is not with us but his thoughts, ideas and his teaching “W are still guiding us. His countrymen will remember him forever