Munshi Premchand essay in English
Munshi Premchand essay in English-Almost all readers of short stories and novels have read the writings of Premchand. He has written many of his short stories in other languages. Films and television serials have also been made in his novels and short stories. His works are very well known in even Japan and Russia. In India itself, he is considered as a top-ranking writer in Urdu and Hindi. He was born in a village called Lamhi near Varanasi. He belonged to a lower-middle-class family.
His boyhood and youth have passed in poverty. After passing his High School Examination he became a teacher. Then he became a Sub-Deputy Inspector of Schools. As a young man, he began writing short stories and novels. These became immediately popular.
Munshi Premchand has written on Nationalism and patriotism as well as an appealing humanism, to in his writing. Premchand’s work broke down these barriers. He became, along with a very few great writers, an all-India figure in Indian literature. No other writer of Urdu and Hindi had been translated into so many Indian languages. Premchand was the first Hindi and Urdu writer to be so translated. And his works have also been translated in many other languages of the world.
When Mahatma Gandhi started his Freedom Movement, Premchand gave up government service and started as a publisher of his own writings. The last one dozen years of his writing career were marked by great hardship. He has given to India about one hundred immortal stores and some outstanding novels. Most of us have read his Seva Sadan, Premashram, Rangabhumi and Godan. These are landmarks in the history of Indian literature. Premchand’s name is an unforgettable name in Indian literature.
2. Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda’s birth centenary was celebrated in India and abroad in 1963. He was born in a middle-class Bengali family. Early in life, he showed signs of an earnest seeker of truth. After graduating from Calcutta University he came under the influence of the great spiritual leader Paramhans Sri Ramakrishna. He became a Sanyasi at a very young age. He was the ambassador of Indian culture to other lands.
He represented Hinduism at the first Parliament of Religions held at Chicago in 1893. He’s handsome and charming personality, his saffron-coloured or flame-coloured robes of a Sanyasi, his mind and heart, his